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Views and Visualization

BIM for Architecture, Engineering, and Construction Curriculum

Exercise 1.6.1: Creating Plan Views

In this exercise, students will learn how to:

  • Create new plan views by using the Plan View tool or duplicating existing plan views.
  • Select which types of elements appear in a plan view by setting visibility graphics overrides.
  • Turn on cropping and resize the crop region for a plan view.
  • Adjust the view range (the height of the cutting plane and the view depth) for plan views and plan regions.
  • Select another level to underlay in a view.
  • Change the scale of a plan view and adjust the level of detail shown.
Figure 1.6.1 - Duplicating an existing plan view

Video Tutorial



Student Exercise

Download Unit1_Lesson6_Exercise1_Start.zip: Imperial or Metric
Revit
  • Create a plan view called Level 1-Structural that focuses on the structural elements of the first floor.
  • Set the visibility graphics overrides to:
    • Hide the furniture, furniture systems, and specialty equipment model elements.
    • Override the graphics for the structural column elements with a heavier line weight and highly visible color (for example, red) that will highlight the structural system in the view.

 

Figure 1.6.2 - Floor plan view with structural columns highlighted

  • Create a plan view called Level 1-Furniture that focuses on the interior design of the first floor.
  • Set the visibility graphics overrides to:
    • Override the graphics for the furniture and furniture systems elements with a heavier line weight and highly visible color.
    • Override the graphics for the wall, door, stair, and structural column elements to display using a halftone effect. These objects will be visible, but less prominent as you focus on furniture placement.

 

Figure 1.6.3 - Floor plan view with furniture elements highlighted

  • Create a plan view called First Floor-Residence that focuses solely on the first floor of the residence.
  • Turn on cropping and resize the crop region to limit this view to the residence portion of the model and underlay the second floor level as a guide to assist with aligning elements between floors.
  • Set the scale for this view to be 1/4 = 1'-0" (1:48).

 

Figure 1.6.4 - First floor plan view with second floor elements displayed as an underlay

  • Create a plan view called Second Floor-Residence that focuses solely on the second floor of the residence.
  • Turn on cropping and resize the crop region to limits similar to the first floor view.
  • Change the visual style for this view to Shaded with Edges.
  • Adjust the view range for this view to explore its effects:
    • Move the cut plane to 5'-0" (1.52 meters). This higher elevation will make the features of the loft wall visible in the plan.
    • Move the cut plane to 6'-0" (1.82 meters). When set to this elevation, the doors cannot be seen.
    • Return the cut plane to the default elevation of 4'-0" (1.22 meters).
    • Change the view depth to Level Below (First Floor). With this setting, objects placed on the first floor level are also visible in this view.
  • Set the scale for this view to be 1/4 = 1'-0" (1:48).



Figure 1.6.5 - Second floor plan with view range adjusted to show elements on floor below

Exercise 1.6.2: Creating Elevation and Section Views

In this exercise, students will learn how to:

  • Place elevation tags to create new elevation views.
  • Draw section lines to create new section views.
  • Modify view properties to adjust the crop region, level of detail, and scale of elevations and sections.
  • Set visibility graphics overrides to choose which types of objects appear in the views.
Figure 1.6.6 - Creating elevation views using the elevation tag

Video Tutorial



Student Exercise

Download Unit1_Lesson6_Exercise2_Start.zip: Imperial or Metric
Revit
  • Create an interior elevation view for all sides of the living room of the residence and give them a descriptive name such as Living Room Interior-North.
  • Open one of these interior elevation views, and adjust the view properties:
    • Turn on the cropping and crop region visibility, then adjust the crop region as needed to show only on the living room walls.
    • Set the scale for this view to be 1/2" = 1'-0" (1:24).
    • Set the level of detail to Fine.
  • Create a view template from this elevation view and apply this view template to the other interior elevation views.

 

Figure 1.6.7 - Interior elevation of the north wall of the living room

Exercise 1.6.3: Creating 3D Views

In this exercise, students will learn how to:

  • Duplicate the Default 3D View to create additional orthogonal views.
  • Use the Autodesk® ViewCube® widget and the Autodesk® SteeringWheels® widget to change the view settings.
  • Use the section box to create 3D plans and section views.
  • Use the Camera tool to create new perspective views.
  • Adjust the crop region, far clip offset, and camera and target positions for perspective views.
Figure 1.6.8 - Moving the faces of the section box in a 3D view

Video Tutorial



Student Exercise

Download Unit1_Lesson6_Exercise3_Start.zip: Imperial or Metric
Revit
  • Create an interior perspective view of the living room in the residence by using the camera tool to place a camera in a position similar to Figure 1.6.9.

 

Figure 1.6.9 - Camera and target locations for interior perspective view

  • Change the name of the new perspective view to Living Room Interior and adjust the crop region and zoom as needed to create a view similar to the one shown in Figure 1.6.10.

 

Figure 1.6.10 - Interior perspective view cropped and zoomed

  • Duplicate the default 3D view and change its name to 3D Section.
  • Reorient the model and move the faces of the section box in order to create a section view that displays the interior features of the residence and the studio by cutting through the spiral stairs as shown in Figure 1.6.11.



Figure 1.6.11 - 3D section view cut through spiral stair

Exercise 1.6.4: Adjusting the Appearance of Elements in a View

In this exercise, students will learn how to:

  • Use the View Control bar to quickly change a view’s display properties―for example, the level of detail and the visual style.
  • Display shadows and specifying the location of the lighting source.
  • Set a project’s location and orientation to cast accurate shadows in a solar study.
  • Use Graphic Display Options to enhance the silhouettes of elements and add gradient backgrounds to 3D views.


Figure 1.6.12 - Setting a view’s graphic display options

Video Tutorial



Student Exercise

Download Unit1_Lesson6_Exercise4_Start.zip: Imperial or Metric
Revit
  • Use the Camera tool to create an exterior perspective view, called Exterior Perspective, that shows the east exterior walls of the residence and studio.
  • Use the View Control Bar to quickly review the appearance created by applying each of the visual style options, and choose Shaded With Edges to show the colors of the materials assigned (incorporating the effects of the lighting settings).



Figure 1.6.13 -Exterior perspective view using the Shaded With Edges visual style

  • Duplicate the Exterior Perspective view–name the new view Exterior Perspective-Realistic and choose the realistic visual style to enhance the view by showing the render appearance of the materials.

Figure 1.6.14 - Exterior perspective view using the Realistic visual style

  • Duplicate the Exterior Perspective view, and name the new view Exterior Perspective with Shadows.
  • Adjust the graphic display options to cast accurate shadows for a day in June in Los Angeles, CA, and create a gradient background to mimic the effect of a late afternoon or sunset. For this exercise, assume that project north is aligned to true north.



Figure 1.6.15 - Exterior perspective views with shadows and different gradient background colors