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Modeling Structural Elements

BIM for Architecture, Engineering, and Construction Curriculum

Key Terms

The following key terms were used in this lesson:

Shear Wall

A rigid vertical diaphragm that transfer lateral forces (caused by wind, earthquakes, or settlement) to the foundation elements in a direction parallel to their planes. Examples include reinforced concrete walls, plywood shear panels, and vertical trusses.

Joist

Light horizontal framing members that support a floor or ceiling. They typically span between walls or between larger beams or girders.

Beam System

A collection of beam elements that are typically placed in a regularly spaced pattern.

Floor Slab

A structural slab, often made of concrete, used as a floor on grade or below grade.

Isolated Foundation

A foundation element used to transfer structural point loads to the ground. Isolated foundations are typically placed beneath column elements.

Wall Foundation

A foundation element used to transfer structural wall loads to the ground. Wall foundations are typically placed beneath foundation wall and retaining wall elements.