Design Journal Entry - Module 3

Journal Entry For
Module 3 - Project Goals Targets & Strategies
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Jan 25, 2023 10:14 PM
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Jan 26, 2023 7:39 AM
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The key topic of my building design, is surrounding ‘sustainability’. Therefore, out of the 4 elements listed below, this an ever present factor in all of the 4 goals set. However, the 4 goals have been chosen, to ensure that each of the remaining three elements is covered to some extent, keeping a balanced desing that addresses many issues including accessibilty, community and equality.

Goal 1: Energy Reduction (Sustainable/Operable)

Goal 2: Sustainable Building Materials (Sustainable/Buildable)

Goal 3: Green and Social Spaces (Sustaianble/Usable)

Goal 4: Sustainable Transport (Sustainable/Usable)


Goal 1: Reducing Energy Use

  • Measure:  Site EUI (kBtu/ft2-yr)
  • Targets:

According to ZeroTool, the baseline site EUI for a Convention Centre on Stanford’s campus, with 35,000 sq ft, is approximately 31 kBtu/sft/yr


Stanford Located Convention Centre (35,000 sq ft) Site EUI Estimation

  • Strategies:
    • Reduce lighting through daylighting/natural light
    • Window shelves to inrease natural light and solar tubes for upper floor
    • Building orientation with heat-loading in mind
    • Insulation materials used with high R values
    • Triple glazed windows
    • Natural ventilation and exit vents at higher levels
    • Solar PV on the rooftop
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      Goal 2: Sustainable/Recycled Materials used

    • Measure:  
      • % of wood that is locally source and sustainabily harvested
    • Targets:
      • Minimally accepted value: 50% of wood used should be sourced from local and sustainable sources
      • Ideally: 100% of wood sourced from local and sustainable practices
    • Strategies
      • Prioritize timber structural elements like trussess and facades
      • Minimize use of concrete
      • If concrete is used, recycled fly ash should be utilized
      • Prioritize recycled materials, like recycled steel
      • Prioritize ‘green’ building materials

      Goal 3: Green and Social Spaces

    • Measure:  
      • Utilize LEEDv4.1 Credit Library (Point System)
    • Targets:
      • Minimally accepted value: Open Space Credit (1 point):
        • Provide outdoor space greater than or equal to 30% of the total site area (including building footprint).
        • A minimum of 25% of that outdoor space must be vegetated (turf grass does not count as vegetation) or have overhead vegetated canopy. The outdoor space must be physically accessible
      • Ideally: Protect and restore habitat (2 points) + Open Space Credit (1 point):
        • Using native or adapted vegetation, restore 30% (including the building footprint) of all portions of the site identified as previously disturbed
    • Strategies:
      • Vegetated roof, provide habitat and promote biodiversity
      • Re-use local soils (in-situ instead of importing where possible)
      • Vegetated landscape areas like gardens
      • Greenwalls on facades
      • Shaded seating areas for sense of community
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        Goal 4: Sustainable Transport

      • Measure:  
        • Utilize LEEDv4.1 Credit Library (Point System)
      • Targets:
        • Minimally accepted value: Bicycle Facilities (2 points):
          • Provide short-term bicycle storage for at least 2.5% of peak visitors, but no fewer than four storage spaces per building.
          • Provide long-term bicycle storage for at least 5% of all regular building occupants, but no fewer than four storage spaces per building in addition to the short-term bicycle storage spaces.
          • Provide at least one on-site shower with changing facility for the first 100 regular building occupants and one additional shower for every 150 regular building occupants thereafter.
        • Ideally: Electric Vehicles Charging (1 point) + Bicycle Facilities (2 points):
          • Install electrical vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) in 5% of all parking spaces used by the project or at least two spaces, whichever is greater.
      • Strategies:
        • Provide a Level 2 charging capacity (208 – 240 volts) or greater for each required space
        • Ensure the building is well connected by public transport (close to bus stop)
        • Provide storage space for e-scooters and skateboards/longboards
        • Shelter bicycle storage to ensure seats remain dry during periods of rainfall
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