Prepare a Model for Analysis

(credit: from Autodesk Help Page)

Before uploading your model to Insight - Tech Preview you will need to prepare the model to ensure that the resulting analytical model is as accurate a possible.

ūüí°
Disclaimer: While the current scope of Carbon Insight is limited to a subset of building envelope elements, its primary goal is to address Total Carbon. As such, rather than rely directly on Revit element definitions, which are not necessarily in a structured form to facilitate Total Carbon, Carbon Insight is based on the energy analytical model. While this doesn't contain everything required for a true total carbon analysis, it does provide a single consistent means of starting total Carbon Analysis, especially at early stages. As we develop Carbon Insights further, we will add support for other element types, sources of model data, and embodied and operational carbon.

Perform the following steps in the order listed. Details for each step are provided in the sections below.

  1. Isolate elements that will be used in the creation of the energy analytical model.
  2. Focus the model to minimize processing time.
  3. Identify and resolve issues, such as obvious missing elements and large gaps.
  4. Create the energy analytical model and assess its quality.
  5. Reduce resolution incrementally as needed.

Note: If the model contains slanted or elliptical walls, incorrect carbon analysis results may be generated.

‚Ä£

1. Isolate elements

When they are set to room-bounding, Revit uses the following elements to create the energy model:

  • Ceilings
  • Columns
  • Curtain panels
  • Curtain systems
  • Curtain wall mullions
  • Doors
  • Floors
  • Mass
  • Roofs: common edges, hidden lines, interior edges, roof soffits
  • Shaft openings
  • Structural columns
  • Walls: common edges, hidden lines
  • Windows

Note: Inaccurate energy analysis results may be generated if your model contains slanted or elliptical walls.

To isolate elements

  1. Create a new 3D view of the model.
  2. In the view, set Visibility/Graphics overrides to display only the elements listed above, including subcategories where specified.
‚Ä£

2. (If Needed) Focus the model

Maximize the accuracy of the energy analytical model and minimize processing time by making adjustments to the architectural model.

  1. In the 3D view, identify any elements that lie outside the building itself and have no impact on building energy.
  2. For example, if you used floors to model roads or paths, or walls for landscaping that is outside the building, you will need to make adjustments so they don't affect the energy analytical model.

  3. Select these elements, and disable the Room Bounding property.
  4. This step omits these elements from the energy analytical model creation process.

  5. To hide these elements in the view, right-click them and select Hide in View.
  6. This step helps to minimize processing time required to create the energy analytical model. For more information, see About the Energy Analytical Model Creation Process.

‚Ä£

3. (If Needed) Identify and resolve issues

To create an energy analytical model from an architectural model, the building elements must be reasonably enclosed. The model does not need to be watertight. Small gaps and overlaps are natural part of real architectural models. They are expected and allowed during the creation of the energy analytical model.

However, if an entire roof is missing over a space or a wall is missing or a large gap exists (greater than one to two times the Analytical Space Resolution setting), the issue should be addressed.

  1. Orbit the 3D view and look for obvious missing elements or large gaps in the overall envelope.
  2. Check the model all the way around, above and below.
  3. Not all gaps are easily spotted. Don't expect to find them all in this step. Just check for anything obvious.

  4. Address any obvious omissions or gaps.

When you are satisfied that the model is reasonably enclosed, go to the next step

‚Ä£

4. Create the energy analytical model and assess its quality

1. Click Analyze > Energy Optimization panel > Create Energy ModelA message explains that creating the energy analytical model may take considerable time, during which Revit is unavailable. For more information, see About the Energy Analytical Model Creation Process. 2. In the dialog, select Create the Analytical Model.When the energy analytical model is ready, the 3D Energy Model view displays it. 3. Open the Visibility/Graphics dialog. 4. On the Analytical Model Categories tab, do the following: 1. Clear Analytical Spaces. 2. For Analytical Surfaces, select only Shades. Clear all other subcategories for Analytical Surfaces. Shade surfaces occur when any Revit architectural element (or part of it) lies outside the main paths of building heat transfer, such as the parapet of a wall or the overhang of a roof. All shade surfaces should be present only where they make sense. 5. Examine the view, looking for shade surfaces that exist where they do not belong. 6. When you find an unexpected shade surface, go to this area of the architectural model to examine it more closely, looking for gaps or missing elements.Pay attention to elements whose Room Bounding property is disabled. These elements are not considered during the creation of the energy analytical model, so they may be the cause of the incorrect shades. 7. Address any issues that you have identified. 8. To see if your changes result in an improved energy model, do the following: 1. Click Analyze tabEnergy Optimization panel (Delete Energy Analytical Model). 2. Repeat steps 1 through 7 to check again for unexpected shade surfaces. 9. When you are satisfied with the energy model, go to the next step.

image
‚Ä£

5. (If Needed) Reduce resolution incrementally as needed

After ensuring that the energy analytical model contains all required analytical spaces and that all analytical surfaces are located where appropriate, examine the energy analytical model itself for gaps between elements.

Small gaps between energy analytical model elements are expected and do not have a negative impact on the analysis. If these gaps are large, however, or reasonable sections of the building are not fully captured, you must reduce the Analytical Space Resolution and Analytical Surface Resolution settings. This change increases processing time. It may also uncover more gaps or omissions in the architectural model.

  1. In the 3D Energy Model view, open the Visibility/Graphics dialog.
  2. On the Analytical Model Categories tab, do the following:
    1. Select Analytical Spaces.
    2. For Analytical Surfaces, select all subcategories.
  3. Orbit the energy analytical model, looking for unexpectedly large gaps between elements.
  4. If you find large gaps, do the following:
    1. Click Analyze tabEnergy Optimization panel (Energy Settings).
    2. In the Energy Settings dialog, change Analytical Space Resolution to 1' or 457.2 mm, and change Analytical Surface Resolution to 6" or 152.4 mm.
    3. Keep these parameters in a ratio of roughly 2:1. The minimum values are 6" and 3" (152.4 and 76.2 mm). Resolution settings of 8" and 4" (203.2 and 101.6 mm) are typically effective for most detailed architectural models.

  5. Create the energy analytical model and reassess the results, iteratively adjusting the Analytical Space Resolution and Analytical Surface Resolution settings until you are satisfied with the energy analytical model.
  6. Go to the next step: Start Carbon Analysis.