Gabriel Lipkowitz space design guidelines for 3D printed adaptive panel facade structure

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Gabriel Lipkowitz

A key attribute of this design, to satisfy the programmatic requirements listed here, will be the ability to reconfigure the amount of light a space is exposed to based on these programmatic requirements. This is illustrated below.

This can be achieved by varying the opacity of the 3d printed facade, or by changing the orientation of the facade components relative to the path of the sun. In contrast to a traditional layout, therefore, this design will take into consideration the approximate appropriate ranges for the lighting conditions of a given space, along with the limits of the fabrication process (how much can the given 3D printed material shape change).

For instance:


The best meeting spaces have an air of spontaneity to them (metaphorically speaking, albeit surprise breezes are pleasant too...) These make the experience of discussing a topic with someone else not seem "forced " or "artificial", which stifles creativity in the conversation. Physically speaking, completely enclosed rooms would tend towards the latter, whereas more loosely defined spaces with porous boundaries with other "non meeting spaces" towards the former. At the same time, sometimes privacy is required for an intimate meeting, such that the walls delineating these should be able to become completely opaque.

The same holds true for the acoustics of a space. In this case, it can be advantageous for external sound activity to be heard sometimes in a meeting space, and vice versa, yet other times not. To that end, the 3D printed facade separating a meeting space from, e.g. offices should sometimes adopt an open configuration, and other times shape change to a closed one. In this way the living (internal) skin of the building can shape inhabitants' interactions.

With respect to cafes and food preparation areas, the transmissibility of an internal wall to olfactory sensual data is another property that would be possible to modulate by dynamically altering the porosity of the walls by a shape changing printed material. At times when the kitchen desires a more anticipatory culinary experience for visitors, who should be able to waft in their upcoming meal before it arrives, a more porous wall would be desired. When more of an element of surprise is called for, a more opaque wall would be adopted.

A modular design of the spaces can be used to achieve this, too, e.g.: