Here's a brief overview of some of the software tools that are often used by Architecture+Engineering and VDC students in their Stanford classes.
Working with Windows apps
Setting Up Your Computer to Run Windows Software
What type of computer are you setting up?
Alternatives to Installing Windows on Your Computer
If you cannot set up your computer to run Windows software, you can:
Applications and Tools
Rendering / Visualization Tools
Structural Analysis Tools
Project Management Tools
Utilities / Tools
Available for Windows (or Mac running Bootcamp or Parallels)
Available for Mac (Intel or Apple Silicon)
Available in Web Version
Available in Apporto Virtual Machine